Planning on the regional, local and detailed level is comprised of numerous factors. The main purpose of this toolkit section is to highlight the importance of climate change mitigation and adaptation aspects in planning.
The decisions made in planning create a built environment for decades and thus the adaptation aspect is crucial. The adaptation to the future climate conditions, including floods, heat waves etc. should be one of the start points of the planning process. The mitigation activities will demand a lot of effort in the future, in all sectors. Planning can also influence other activities in society, e.g. the type of the energy produced and consumed, and can thus have a direct effect on the greenhouse gas emissions. Also, by planning compact urban structures, authorities can decrease the need for travelling and thus decrease greenhouse gas emissions.
The BalticClimate toolkit helps the planners to identify the role of the planning process in dealing with the issue of climate change. It starts with the Inventory Analysis of necessary data to assess local challenges and chances generated by climate change. This is followed by the Vulnerability Assessment of the local area and/or chosen sector.
The Planning and climate change section gives a detailed overview of various direct and indirect effects of planning on climate change and vice versa, the effects of climate change on planning. The section also includes several good practices identified by the BalticClimate project partners (Implementation stage in the figure above). The purpose of these examples (in English) is to show how the climate change has already been taken into account in the Baltic Sea Region.
The box on the right provides you with a presentation template for introducing
climate change and the BalticClimate toolkit to spatial planners and for
identifying their role in dealing with climate change. The template can be
downloaded and modified according to the users` needs.
You can start with the Inventory analysis.